Semantics

Verbal paradigms

Kotanian verbs are grouped into paradigms, each paradigm describing how the theta roles involved map onto the maximum four relations of a verb (which are in turn mapped onto a syntactical slot). (...) Below is a list of the most common paradigms. Each paradigm is named after the most typical or basal verb with the said paradigm. (...)

Speak

The speak paradigm is used for verbs that express communication without an actual act of speech. It has the following three roles:

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Verbs that use the speak paradigm are:

Say

The say paradigm is used for verbs denoting a speech act . It has the following three roles:

The second relation, the speech act itself, can be encoded either as direct speech or as reported speech.

Verbs that use the say paradigm are:

Go

The go paradigm is used for verbs denoting a movement. It has the following three roles:

[direct object = oblique promoted, 3 = with whom]

Verbs that use the go paradigm are:

[group in direction, to/from/neutral]

Put

The put paradigm is used for verbs denoting placement and inducing downwards motion. It has the following two roles:

[oblique is never promoted as blocked by 2]

Verbs that use the go paradigm are:

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